Land Carbon Cycle Modeling: Matrix Approach, Data Assimilation, Ecological Forecasting, and Machine Learning

Author:   Yiqi Luo (Regents Professor, Center for Ecosystem Science and Society (Ecoss), Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University) ,  Benjamin Smith (Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University.)
Publisher:   Taylor & Francis Ltd
Edition:   2nd edition
ISBN:  

9781032698496


Pages:   296
Publication Date:   14 June 2024
Format:   Hardback
Availability:   In Print   Availability explained
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Land Carbon Cycle Modeling: Matrix Approach, Data Assimilation, Ecological Forecasting, and Machine Learning


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Overview

Carbon moves through the atmosphere, through the oceans, onto land, and into ecosystems. This cycling has a large effect on climate – changing geographic patterns of rainfall and the frequency of extreme weather – and is altered as the use of fossil fuels adds carbon to the cycle. The dynamics of this global carbon cycling are largely predicted over broad spatial scales and long periods of time by Earth system models. This book addresses the crucial question of how to assess, evaluate, and estimate the potential impact of the additional carbon to the land carbon cycle. The contributors describe a set of new approaches to land carbon cycle modeling for better exploring ecological questions regarding changes in carbon cycling; employing data assimilation techniques for model improvement; doing real- or near-time ecological forecasting for decision support; and combining newly available machine learning techniques with process-based models to improve prediction of the land carbon cycle under climate change. This new edition includes seven new chapters: machine learning and its applications to carbon cycle research (five chapters); principles underlying carbon dioxide removal from the atmosphere, contemporary active research and management issues (one chapter); and community infrastructure for ecological forecasting (one chapter). Key Features Helps readers understand, implement, and criticize land carbon cycle models Offers a new theoretical framework to understand transient dynamics of the land carbon cycle Describes a suite of modeling skills – matrix approach to represent land carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus cycles; data assimilation and machine learning to improve parameterization; and workflow systems to facilitate ecological forecasting Introduces a new set of techniques, such as semi-analytic spin-up (SASU), unified diagnostic system with a 1-3-5 scheme, traceability analysis, and benchmark analysis, and PROcess-guided machine learning and DAta-driven modeling (PRODA) for model evaluation and improvement Reorganized from the first edition with seven new chapters added Strives to balance theoretical considerations, technical details, and applications of ecosystem modeling for research, assessment, and crucial decision-making

Full Product Details

Author:   Yiqi Luo (Regents Professor, Center for Ecosystem Science and Society (Ecoss), Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University) ,  Benjamin Smith (Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University.)
Publisher:   Taylor & Francis Ltd
Imprint:   CRC Press
Edition:   2nd edition
Weight:   0.740kg
ISBN:  

9781032698496


ISBN 10:   1032698497
Pages:   296
Publication Date:   14 June 2024
Audience:   College/higher education ,  Professional and scholarly ,  Tertiary & Higher Education ,  Professional & Vocational
Format:   Hardback
Publisher's Status:   Active
Availability:   In Print   Availability explained
This item will be ordered in for you from one of our suppliers. Upon receipt, we will promptly dispatch it out to you. For in store availability, please contact us.

Table of Contents

Unit 1: Fundamentals of carbon cycle modeling. Chapter 1: Theoretical foundation of the land carbon cycle and matrix approach. Yiqi Luo. Chapter 2: Introduction to modeling. Benjamin Smith. Chapter 3: Flow diagrams and balance equations of land carbon models. Yuanyuan Huang. Chapter 4: Practice 1, Developing carbon flow diagrams and balance equations. Yuanyuan Huang. Unit 2: Matrix representation of carbon balance. Chapter 5: Developing matrix representation of land carbon models. Yuanyuan Huang. Chapter 6: Coupled carbon-nitrogen matrix models. Zheng Shi and Xingjie Lu. Chapter 7: Compartmental systems. Carlos Sierra. Chapter 8: Practice 2, Matrix representation of carbon balance equations and coding. Yuanyuan Huang. Unit 3: Carbon cycle diagnostics for uncertainty analysis. Chapter 9: Unified diagnostic system for uncertainty analysis. Yiqi Luo. Chapter 10: Matrix phosphorus model and data assimilation. Enqing Hou. Chapter 11: Principles underlying carbon dioxide removals from the atmosphere. Yiqi Luo Chapter 12: Practice 3, Diagnostic variables in matrix models. Xingjie Lu. Unit 4: Semi-analytic spin-up (SASU). Chapter 13: Non-autonomous ODE system solver and stability analysis. Ying Wang. Chapter 14: Semi-Analytic Spin-Up (SASU) of coupled carbon-nitrogen cycle models. Xingjie Lu and Jianyang Xia. Chapter 15: Time characteristics of compartmental systems. Carlos Sierra. Chapter 16: Practice 4, Efficiency and convergence of semi-analytic spin-up (SASU) in TECO. Xingjie Lu. Unit 5: Traceability and benchmark analysis. Chapter 17: Overview of traceability analysis. Jianyang Xia. Chapter 18: Applications of the transient traceability framework. Lifen Jiang. Chapter 19: Benchmark analysis. Yiqi Luo & Forrest M. Hoffman. Chapter 20: Practice 5, Traceability analysis for evaluating terrestrial carbon cycle models. Jianyang Xia & Jian Zhou. Unit 6: Introduction to data assimilation. Chapter 21: Data assimilation: Introduction, procedure, and applications. Yiqi Luo. Chapter 22: Bayesian statistics and Markov chain Monte Carlo method in data assimilation. Feng Tao. Chapter 23: Application of data assimilation to soil incubation data. Junyi Liang & Jiang Jiang. Chapter 24: Practice 6, The seven-step procedure for data assimilation. Xin Huang. Unit 7: Data assimilation with field measurements and satellite data. Chapter 25: Model-data integration at the SPRUCE experiment. Daniel Ricciuto. Chapter 26: Application of data assimilation to a peatland methane study. Shuang Ma. Chapter 27: Global data assimilation using earth observation – the CARDAMOM approach. Mathew Williams. Chapter 28: Practice 7, Data assimilation at the SPRUCE site. Shuang Ma. Unit 8: Ecological forecasting with EcoPAD. Chapter 29: Introduction to ecological forecasting. Yiqi Luo. Chapter 30: Ecological Platform for Assimilating Data (EcoPAD) for ecological forecasting. Yuanyuan Huang. Chapter 31: Community cyberinfrastructure for ecological forecasting. Xin Huang & Lifen Jiang Chapter 32: Practice 8, Ecological forecasting at the SPRUCE site. Jiang Jiang. Unit 9: Machine learning and its applications to carbon cycle research Chapter 33: Introduction to machine learning and its applications to carbon cycle research. Yuanyuan Huang. Chapter 34: Estimation of terrestrial gross primary productivity using Long Short-Term Memory network. Yao Zhang. Chapter 35: Machine learning to predict and explain complex carbon cycle interactions, Julia Green Chapter 36: Practice 9, Applications of machine learning to predict soil organic carbon content. Feng Tao and Kostia Viatkin. Unit 10: Process-based machine learning and data-driven modeling (PRODA). Chapter 37: Introduction to machine learning and neural networks. Toby Dylan Hocking. Chapter 38: PROcess-guided deep learning and DAta-driven modeling (PRODA). Feng Tao & Yiqi Luo. Chapter 39: Hybrid modeling in earth system science, Yu Zhou Chapter 40: Practice 10, Deep learning to optimize parametrization of CLM5. Feng Tao. Appendices. Appendix 1: Matrix algebra in land carbon cycle modeling. Ye Chen. Appendix 2: Introduction to programming in Python. Xin Huang. Appendix 3: CarboTrain user guide. Jian Zhou

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Author Information

Yiqi Luo is Liberty Hyde Bailey Professor at Cornell University, USA. He obtained his PhD degree from the University of California, Davis in 1991 and did postdoctoral research at UCLA and Stanford University from 1991 to 1994, before he worked at the Desert Research Institute as Assistant and Associate Research Professor from 1994 to 1998, the University of Oklahoma as Associate, Full, and George Lynn Cross Professor from 1999 to 2017, and Northern Arizona University as Full and Regents Professor. Professor Luo has studied land carbon cycling using empirical and modeling approaches for more than 30 years. His research program has been focused on addressing two key issues: (1) how global change alters the structure and functions of terrestrial ecosystems, and (2) how terrestrial ecosystems regulate climate change. To address these issues, Dr. Luo’s laboratory has conducted field global change experiments; developed terrestrial ecosystem models; synthesized extensive data sets using meta-analysis methods; integrated data and models with data assimilation techniques; and carried out theoretical and computational analysis. Particularly, his research team has recently developed a matrix approach to land carbon cycle modeling; applied data assimilation techniques to ecological research; and pioneered in ecological forecasting. Previously he has published two books, 30 book chapters, and more than 500 papers in peer-reviewed journals. He was a Highly Cited Researcher recognized by the Web of Science Group, Clarivate Analytics in 2018–2022. He was elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in 2013; the American Geophysical Union (AGU) in 2016; and the Ecological Society of America (ESA) in 2018. This book, Land Carbon Cycle Modeling: Matrix Approach, Data Assimilation, Ecological Forecasting, & Machine Learning 2e, evolved from an international training course, New Advances in Land Carbon Cycle Modeling. The training course has been held six times from 2018 to 2023. The materials in the book have been partly or fully used by approximately 600 attendees of the training course. Benjamin Smith is a Professor of Ecosystem Science, based in Sydney, Australia, where he is Research Director of Western Sydney University’s Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, a leading center for global change ecosystem research and innovation. Following undergraduate studies in biology at the University of Tasmania, Australia, Ben relocated to Dunedin, New Zealand, where he obtained his PhD from the University of Otago in 1996. Following postdoctoral posts in Sweden and Germany, he obtained tenure at Lund University in Sweden, transitioning to his current role at Western Sydney University in 2018. Benjamin Smith is known as a pioneer in the dynamic global vegetation modeling field. The original developer of the widely used LPJ-GUESS ecosystem model, he continues to lead a multi-institutional consortium of developers serving its international user community. As a Visiting Scientist with CSIRO Oceans & Atmosphere Flagship, he contributed to the implementation of vegetation demography, disturbance, and wildfire dynamics in the Australian Community Land Surface Model, CABLE. He is interested in the role of the biosphere in regional and global climate dynamics, using earth system models to examine feedback of ecosystems and land surface changes to the atmosphere and climate. He led the development of the first published regional earth system model, RCA-GUESS, and is active in the pan European consortium developing the global EC-EARTH ESM. An author of several influential papers in the global change modeling and assessment fields, Ben was recognized in the Clarivate Highly Cited Researcher list from 2019–2021.

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